# Cash conundrums: financial literacy | Mathematics homework help

MATH125: Unit 4 Assignment Answer Form

Cash Conundrums: Financial Literacy

Assignment Instructions

For this assignment, you will create a personal budget and compare it to the 50/30/20 budgeting strategy.

1. Answer ALL questions below regarding creating a budget.

2. Show ALL step-by-step calculations, and round all of your final answers correctly to the whole number. All

monetary answers should be rounded to the nearest dollar.

3. For full credit, write all explanations in the spaces provided.

4. Enter your answers in the space provided in this document, and submit to the appropriate area. Scanned or

handwritten work will not be accepted.

Creating a Budget

You will create a personal budget based on your current salary, or based on your state’s median salary. You will create a

personal budget based one of the following: (1) your current salary, OR (2) your state’s median salary. Review the

median income information on this site.

Step 1 (6 points)

(Box B) minus taxes, Social Security, and benefits, including health insurance if provided. A realistic amount would be

10-30% less than your gross monthly wages).

Income

A. Annual

salary

(Base this one of

the following:

salary,

OR

median salary)

B. Gross monthly

salary/wages

(Annual salary divided by

12):

\$ C. Monthly take-

home pay

(This is the monthly

gross pay listed in Box B

minus FICA, taxes, Social

Security, and health

insurance):

\$

Step 2: The 50/30/20 Strategy and Monthly Expenses (10 points)

Review the information at this link on the 50/30/20 budgeting strategy.

Think about each of these categories. Calculate your monthly expenses for each category below, and complete the

following table. It might help you to think about items on a weekly basis and then multiply by 4 to calculate a monthly

budget amount.

Remember, if you are not comfortable with sharing real numbers, you can do this as a hypothetical experience with

realistic estimates.

Budgeted

Category

Examples Budgeted

Amount

Housing Rent or mortgage payment \$

Food Groceries, lunches, coffees, dinners out, etc. \$

Transportation Gas, auto care, parking, tolls, etc. \$

Basic utilities Phone, electricity, water, Internet, etc. \$

Insurance Health, auto, home, and life insurance \$

Child care Day care, babysitting, college tuition, etc. \$

Travel Airfare, hotels \$

Entertainment Sporting events, dinners out, movies, and memberships \$

Personal care Haircuts, massages, etc. \$

Savings General savings, saving for car, college, wedding, etc. \$

Other \$

Step 3: Categorizing Needs, Wants &amp; Savings (15 points)

Based on the 50/30/20 strategy, expenses can be needs or wants. However, some categories may not easily fit in with

needs or wants. For example, daycare may be a need, but babysitting for date night may be a want. For each category,

break down the total budgeted (in Step 2 above) into needs and wants.

Budgeted Category Budgeted

Amount

(Step 3)

Amount

toward Need

Amount

toward Want

Housing \$ \$ \$

Food \$ \$ \$

Transportation \$ \$ \$

Basic Utilities \$ \$ \$

Insurance \$ \$ \$

Child care \$ \$ \$

Travel \$ \$ \$

Entertainment \$ \$ \$

Personal Care \$ \$ \$

Savings \$

Other \$ \$ \$

Step 4: Calculation of Needs, Wants &amp; Savings (12 points)

Transfer those subtotals for the categories in the following table.

Sub-Total

Needs \$

Wants \$

Savings \$

Step 5: Percentage of Wants, Needs &amp; Savings (12 points)

Calculate the percentage of your budget assigned to needs, wants, and savings below.

Use the amount from each category in Step 4 and divide it by your monthly take-home pay (Box C in Step 1) salary. Then

multiply that result by 100 to calculate the percent.

Note: Your percentages may not match a 50/30/20 budget.

Sub Totals

from Step 4

Monthly

Salary

from Step 1c

Percent

Needs \$ \$ %

Wants \$ \$ %

Savings \$ \$ %

Step 6: Reflection on the 50/30/20 Method (15 points)

Write a 100-word reflection comparing your percentages to the 50/30/20 method. How well do you feel your budget

aligns with the 50/30/20 method? What might you need to change in your budget?

References

https://www.nerdwallet.com/blog/finance/nerdwallet-budget-calculator/

World Population Review. (n.d.). Median household income by state 2020. Retrieved from

https://worldpopulationreview.com/states/median-household-income-by-state/

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