the chief state school officer.
the state department of education.
the federal Department of Education.
the school principal.
state educational policymakers directing financial assistance for underperforming school districts.
federal policymakers taking over control of underperforming schools.
curriculum becoming more narrowly-defined and tightly focused.
lower socioeconomic communities failing tests at higher rates than higher socioeconomic communities.
Concerns about the moral climate in public schools
Religious objections to the content taught in schools
The absence of particular courses of study
All of the above
actively make their own meaning from new knowledge.
learn new facts and knowledge without questioning them.
question all new information.
believe that there are no universal truths since all truths are relative.
A multiple-choice test on important events in World War II
A geography unit identifying the locations of all the major battles of World War II
A fine arts unit in which students develop appreciation for the music and dance of the United States in the 1940s
A discussion of the responsibilities of the United States toward Europe in the early 1940s
can train students’ thinking so as to make them more efficient learners.
provide job training to make high school students more marketable.
keep students from mixing up facts.
help students do better on standardized tests.
local school board member.
state department curriculum specialist.
Business was and still is interested in educational efficiency, standardization, and productivity.
Business was interested in standardization and regulation; now, it is almost exclusively concerned with commercialization of education.
Business was more concerned with efficiency and quantitative evaluation; now, it is much more concerned with authentic evaluation and student satisfaction.
Business used to be exclusively concerned with productivity; now, business is exclusively concerned with educational expenditures, seeking to lower costs.
Assistant superintendent of instruction
Local school board
Superintendent of schools
Assistant superintendent of personnel
Superintendent of Schools
education of special needs students and hiring of instructional aides.
reading instruction for ESL students and supplementary services for families of these students.
reading instruction only for low-achieving students.
education of students from low-income families and supplement services to low-achieving students.
the approval of Congress.
funding from the federal government.
the active participation of the teachers involved.
the creation of a new body to oversee the changes.
National Association of School Boards
National Education Association
Association of Teacher Educators
National Parent Teacher Association
A sense of community
student performance was declining on standardized tests.
the emphasis on standardized test scores caused a narrow application of lower-order thinking skills.
multiple-choice tests were too difficult for the majority of students.
students were focusing on critical-thinking skills and not performing well on competency tests.
The need for more tech schools, community colleges, and trade schools to teach basic engineering to American students for skills in manufacturing.
Digitalize all student textbooks, materials, and assessments, to be interactive and individual to each student.
Treat teachers as professionals
All of the above
The state department of education
The federal Department of Education
The local school boards
The state board of education
Students sit quietly in their seats and work independently on worksheets.
Mildred does a lot of whole-class instruction, presenting lecture-type lessons.
Students make frequent use of library resources to prepare written reports on various assigned topics in social studies and science.
Students work on projects in small groups or independently. There are a lot of hands-on activities.
The state department of education was established.
Legal responsibility for school governance was delegated to the states.
Responsibility for the majority of funding for public education was assumed by the federal government.
Equal educational opportunity was guaranteed for all.
Students develop the habit of learning so they are not dependent on instructors
The slower student does not miss out on foundational skills because the other students are ready to move on
The advanced student is not held back and made to repeat exercises she has already learned
All of the above
are less expensive to operate.
require a smaller administrative staff and less cost.
allow for a greater sense of community within the school.
make it easier to keep track of books and supplies.
have a moral “Teflon coating” and absorb little teaching of values.
are constantly and unavoidably learning values from their teachers, so it would be beneficial to formalize this instruction in the curriculum.
practice good moral behavior already and have little need for character education.
have such a narrow focus on academics that they block out any other instruction.
Free market principles suggest that “more choice equals more competition equals better products (better educated students) at lower prices”.
Charter schools are the best option available in the school choice discussion.
Over and under performing schools should be provided with the same resources to teach students.
All students should be free to attend their school of choice.
Chief State School Officer
Local school board
State board of Education
State Department of Education
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