The cerebral cortex, which is the top layer of cortical tissue of the brain, is divided into two hemispheres, each of which have four lobes. Each lobe has associated functions, though most functions in the brain coordinate information processing in the cerebral cortex with subcortical processing. Below are the individual lobes as well as the functions and possible consequences of damage.
The motor cortex, located just behind the prefrontal cortex, is where the impulse for voluntary motor movement is initiated and then sent out to other parts of the brain for execution (Gazzaniga et al., 2019). Specific areas of the motor cortex coordinate with body parts and can be visualized on a topographic map of the area (Gazzaniga et al., 2019). A person experiencing damage to the motor cortex might have loss of function or difficulty moving the specific area of the body which correlates to the damaged portion (Gazzaniga et al., 2019).
García-Molina, A. (2012). Phineas Gage and the enigma of the prefrontal cortex. Neurología (English Edition), 27(6), 370-375. ISSN 2173-5808. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nrleng.2010.03.002.
Gazzaniga, M., Ivry, R., & Mangun, G. (2019). Cognitive neuroscience: The biology of the mind (5th ed.). New York : W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN: 978-0-393-66784-4. https://www.gcumedia.com/digital-resources/ww-norton/2018/cognitive-neuroscience_the-Biology-of-the-mind_5e.php
Parietal Lobes. (2021). Center for neuro skills. https://www.neuroskills.com/brain-injury/parietal-lobes/
Temporal Lobes. (2021). Center for neuro skills. https://www.neuroskills.com/brain-injury/parietal-lobes/
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